Business News Daily receives compensation from some of the companies listed on this page. Advertising Disclosure

See if your business is eligible for a tax credit of up to $26K per employee!

Call Now: 866-834-1218

What Is Skip Tracing in Debt Collection?

Max Freedman
Max Freedman

Skip tracing is a critical step when trying to collect debt from someone who is difficult to find.

  • Skip tracing is a process used to find a debtor who has relocated or disappeared to avoid legal responsibilities, such as debt payments.
  • The skip-tracing process involves verifying a debtor’s information, searching public records and contacting people who know the debtor.
  • Hiring a skip tracer can save you time, but it can cost a substantial portion of the amount you’re owed.
  • This article is for business owners and freelancers considering using skip tracing to locate unresponsive debtors.

To collect on money you are owed, you first need to find the person who owes you the money. Sometimes locating those individuals is easier said than done. Some debtors will be upfront about their inability to pay what is owed; others may try to hide. In these situations, skip tracing may be needed to locate the debtor.

What is skip tracing?

Skip-tracing is the process of finding someone who has relocated or otherwise disappeared. Usually, these individuals have relocated or disappeared because they’re hoping to skirt certain responsibilities, such as paying debts. Skip tracing is not quite the same as detective work or bounty hunting, which can end with an arrest.

Skip tracing is often included in the debt collection process, as it can help creditors find those who owe them money.

Key Takeaway

Skip tracing is a process used to locate the current whereabouts of a debtor who owes you money.

Who uses skip-tracing tactics?

Skip tracing is a common tactic used in debt collection. If you hire a debt collection agency to seek payment from an unresponsive debtor, the agency may use skip tracing in hopes of finding the debtor.

Debt-collection agencies have more time and skills to devote to locating such a debtor, whereas you likely have other work that takes priority. Additionally, detectives, private investigators, journalists, reporters and attorneys commonly use skip tracing.


Skip-tracing tactics are commonly used by collection agencies to locate a debtor, but detectives, journalists and attorneys also use them to locate individuals.

Editor’s note: Looking for the right collection agency for your business? Fill out the below questionnaire to have our vendor partners contact you about your needs.

How do you know if skip tracing is necessary?

If a nonpaying client who owes you money goes incommunicado, you might think that skip-tracing is necessary to find them. However, skip tracing isn’t always necessary. Sometimes, you can find the information yourself.

That’s because, unlike when skip tracing first emerged, the vast majority of information is now available online. Search engines and social media platforms mean that, theoretically, you can complete the early steps of skip tracing yourself. Sometimes, you can complete a skip trace entirely on your own, but if not, a more experienced skip tracer can get the job done.

Did You Know?

 Skip tracing may be necessary if a debtor is unresponsive, and sometimes, you can start or complete the process yourself.

What is the skip-tracing process?

Should skip tracing prove necessary, it will typically proceed in the following order.

1. Your skip tracer verifies the debtor’s information.

It’s possible that the reason why you’re not hearing from a debtor is that you don’t have the correct contact information for them. Skip tracing starts with the simple step of verifying the debtor’s contact information.

If you’re lucky and the skip tracer quickly identifies the correct contact information, you can reach out to the debtor and ask them to pay what they owe you.

2. Your skip tracer collects publicly available information on the debtor.

Not everyone likes to search through informational databases in hopes of finding helpful information about a given topic – sometimes it’s there, but if not, you’ve lost valuable time. If this time-consuming, often frustrating process isn’t your cup of tea, a skip tracer can do the work for you.

A skip tracer will check public records, such as the following, to learn more about your debtor:

  • Address history
  • Travel history
  • Court records
  • Credit card applications
  • Credit reports
  • Criminal records and background checks
  • Driver’s license history
  • Job applications and history
  • Loan applications and history
  • Phone number records
  • Search engines
  • Social media
  • Tax records
  • Utility bills
  • Vehicular history

With information gleaned from these records, your skip tracer may connect the dots and locate your debtor. If they are unsuccessful, they may take other steps.

3. Your skip tracer contacts the debtor’s family and friends.

Friends and family members of the debtor can often help a skip tracer locate a debtor, though they may not always do so willingly (and should never be forced to do so against their will).

If friends and family prove unhelpful, try contacting the debtor’s current and previous landlords, neighbors or co-workers. These people may offer clues where the debtor can be found.

Key Takeaway

The skip-tracing process involves verifying a debtor’s information, searching public records and contacting people who know the debtor.

How skip tracers complete the skip-tracing process

You might feel that you can handle skip tracing by yourself. This notion isn’t necessarily untrue, but professional skip tracers are more suited to handle the process, since they have access to skip-tracing software that might be too expensive for your use. You’re likely not skip tracing debtors on a regular basis, but when you do occasionally need to skip trace an individual, professionals may serve you better.


Professional skip tracers use software that may be too expensive for individual business owners or freelancers.

Should you hire a skip tracer for debt collection?

If you’re a business owner or a freelancer who has a nonpaying client, you probably have enough on your plate that hunting for someone you might never find is entirely unappealing. That’s why many debt collection agencies offer skip-tracing services.

Since debt collection agencies specialize in contacting debtors, they may find missing contacts and have more success convincing debtors to pay than you might. Additionally, since debt collection is their job, they have more time for this task than you do.

That said, you’ll pay your fair share of money to hire a debt collection agency. Often, these agencies keep 25% to as much as 50% of the debt as their fee. If you feel that the cost of hiring a debt collection agency is worth it, our collection agency reviews can help you choose the right agency for your needs. Hopefully, you’ll find your debtor – and collect the money you’re owed – before you know it.

Did You Know?

Hiring a debt collection agency can free up your time, but it can cost a significant portion of the amount you’re owed.

Image Credit: fizkes / Getty Images
Max Freedman
Max Freedman
Contributing Writer
Max Freedman is a content writer who has written hundreds of articles about small business strategy and operations, with a focus on finance and HR topics. He's also published articles on payroll, small business funding, and content marketing. In addition to covering these business fundamentals, Max also writes about improving company culture, optimizing business social media pages, and choosing appropriate organizational structures for small businesses.