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Chris Morris knows whiskey and bourbon. As master distiller at spirit manufacturer and producer Brown-Forman, Morris is responsible for overseeing production of brands such as Early Times whiskey, Jack Daniels Tennessee whiskey, Old Forester Straight Bourbon whiskey and Woodford Reserve Kentucky Straight Bourbon whiskey. With the help of Morris, BusinessNewsDaily has come up with five facts you may not have previously known about bourbon and whiskey.

All bourbons are whiskey, but not all whiskey is bourbon

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"Whiskey is a spirit made from grain below 190 proof in an open barrel and bottled at no less than 80 proof," Morris said. "Bourbon whiskey is an elaboration of whiskey that requires the use of corn in the grain recipe, no less than 51 percent. It also reduces the distillation proof from 190 to 160. Saturation in the barrel must occur in a new barrel that is charred on the inside and it must be bottled at no less than 80 proof."

It is presidential

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Bourbon was designated "The Official Spirit of America" by an Act of Congress that was signed by President Lyndon Baines Johnson in 1964. Bourbon was first officially defined by President Howard Taft in the 1906 Taft Decision.

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It is pure

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Bourbon cannot be altered with any color or flavor additives. Only pure water can be added to it once it has been emptied from the barrel.

The barrel matters

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Bourbon must always be aged in a new, charred oak barrel. Used bourbon barrels are shipped to Scotland and Ireland for use in maturing those whiskeys.

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It has Kentucky roots

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Bourbon is named after Kentucky's "Bourbon County," where many early distillers set up shop in the late 18th century. [The Best States to Start a Business]

Reach BusinessNewsDaily staff writer David Mielach at Follow him on Twitter @D_M89.

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